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Showing Kingdom Plantae between Cairns and Cape Tribulation

Kingdom Plantae

Alexandra palm

Alexandra Palm
Archontophoenix alexandrae

Native to central and northern Queensland, this elegant palm is at home in the high rainfall environment of the Daintree Rainforest

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Alexandrian Laurel

Alexandrian Laurel
Calophyllum inophyllum

A familiar evergreen tree along the tropical coast of Queensland, usually developing a short broad trunk and wide spreading branches.

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Ant Plant

Ant plant
Myrmecodia beccarii

A fascinating and strange looking epiphytic plant of far north queensland with a symiotic relationship with ants, butterflies and mistletoebirds.

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Antelope Orchid

Antelope Orchid
Dendrobium nindii

This species is essentially of the coastal swamplands and is distributed intermittently from the Johnstone River at Innisfail through eastern Cape York Peninsula and into New Guinea.

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Australian Cashew Nut

Australian Cashew Nut
Semecarpus australiensis

A tree of medium size with a spreading canopy, closely resembling a mango tree in appearance.

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Fan palm

Australian fan palm
Licuala ramsayi

Easily recognised and common in the Daintree Rainforest, Licuala ramsayi's common name "Fan Palm" is apt.

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Australian pine tree

Australian pine tree
Casuarina equisetifolia

This species of she-oak is common along the coast between Cairns and Cape Tribulation, often supporting epiphytes.

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Backscratcher Ginger

Backscratcher Ginger
Tapeinochellos queenslandiae

These plants grow within the damp shaded conditions of the tropical rainforest. The pale-green leaves contrast beautifully with the dark shades of the surrounding vegetation.

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Ballerina Hibiscus

Ballerina Hibiscus
Hibiscus meraukensis

One of the many outstanding native hibiscus of tropical Queensland.

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Barrintonia

Barringtonia
Barringtonia racemosa

BARRINGTONIA inhabits the coastal lowlands of north-east Queensland and attains a height of about 15 metres.

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Basket fern

Basket fern
Drynaria rigidula

Large, epiphytic, ferns found in wet, tropical areas like the rainforests between Cairns and Cape Tribulation

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Beach Barringtonia

Beach Barringtonia
Barringtonia asiatica

The genus Barringtonia is confined to the tropic regions of the world.

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Birds Nest Fern

Birds nest fern
Asplenium nidus

Often mistaken for Asplenium australasicum, this fern is native to the tropical rainforests of north eastern Queensland

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Black Bean

Black Bean
Castanospermum australe

This majestic evergreen tree occurs in the rainforests from north-eastern New South Wales to tropical Queensland, and produces masses of brilliant blossoms during early summer.

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Black wattle

Black wattle
Acacia mangium

Also known as Hickory wattle, this species is endemic to the North Eastern Queensland and New Guinea.

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Bleeding Heart

Bleeding heart
Homalanthus novo-guineensis

A very important pioneer species in the rainforest, quickly providing food, shade and leaf mulch for establishing new areas.

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Blue lily

Blue lily
Nymphaea violacea

Usually found in the northern parts of Queensland and the Kimberleys

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Bombax ceiba

Bombax
Bombax ceiba

Often referred to as "Cotton tree", this has to be one of the most striking trees in the Daintree region.

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Bottle-Brush Orchid

Bottle-Brush Orchid
Coelandria smillieae

(Dendrobium smillieae)
The BOTTLE-BRUSH ORCHID is distributed from the Burdekin River, to the tip of Cape York Peninsula, and then on into New Guinea.

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Bronze Grevillea

Bronze Grevillea
Grevillea decora

A magnificent shrub growing to a height of 3 metres, it grows in the harsh conditions of inland tropical Queensland.

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Brown Silky Oak

Brown Silky Oak
Darlingia darlingiana

A magnificent tree from the rainforests of tropical Queensland, where it attains a height of about 30 metres, but grown in cultivation it is unlikely to grow so tall.

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Burny Bean

Burny Bean
Mucuna gigantea

A tall woody climber common along the watercourses in lowland rainforests of tropical Queensland.

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Bushy club moss
Lycopodium deuterodensum

These ancient, spore bearing, vascular plants are closely related to ferns.

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Buttercup Orchid

Buttercup Orchid
Cymbidium madidum

The BUTTERCUP ORCHID extends from north-eastern New South Wales to the top of Cape York Penninsula.

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Button Orchid

Button orchid
Dischidia nummularia

This is not actually an orchid, but is actually in the Milkweed family.

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Byfield fern
Bowenia serrulata

Although it may look like a fern (hence its common name), this is in fact a cycad, of the same genus as the "Zamia Fern".

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Cactus Algae

Cactus Algae
Halimeda opuntia

A species of green macroalgae common on the Great Barrier Reef.

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Pothos Longipes

Candle Vine or Guyu
Pothos longipes

A hemi-epiphyte of lowland rainforest, with an interesting adaptation for capturing light under the canopy

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Cannonball mangrove
Xylocarpus granatum

This is a fascinating mangrove with spectacular flowers, exploding fruit and a puzzled to intrigue.

It is also known as a "Puzzle nut" or "Cedar mangrove" due respectively to its fruit and relation to Red Cedar.

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Cape York Lily

Cape York Lily
Curcuma australasica

This is not actually a lily, but a ginger and is in the turmeric family (yes it is edible).

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 Cape York Wattle

Cape York Wattle
Acacia humifusa

CAPE YORK WATTLE is a small shrub occurring in Cape York Peninsula and some adjacent off-shore islands.

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Cassowary Plum

Cassowary Plum
Cerbera floribunda

Producing the large blue, egg shaped fruit that is a favourite of Cassowaries, this tree is reliant on the Cassowary to spread the seed through the rainforest.

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Cat`s whiskers

Cat`s whiskers
Orthosiphon aristatus

A beautiful bird and butterfly attracting plant found in far north Queensland.

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Christmas Orchid

Christmas Orchid
Calanthe triplicata

One tends to overlook the native terrestrial orchids of tropical Queensland for they are somewhat overshadowed by the epiphytic species.

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Cluster Fig

Cluster Fig
Ficus racemosa

The CLUSTER FIG is a tree of medium height with a spreading canopy, and occurs along the coast of northern Australia.

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Coarse climbing fern

Coarse climbing fern
Lygodium reticulatum

A very attractive climbing fern with tough, wire like, stems, native to north east Queensland and Polynesia

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Cocky Apple Flower

Cocky Apple
Melastoma affine

As is often the case common names can be confusing for this is not the COCKY APPLE of the Planchaonia genus.

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Coconut tree

Coconut tree
Cocoeae Cocos

This iconic species can be found along almost all the beaches between Cairns and Cape Tribulation.

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Common Tree Fern

Common tree fern
Cyanthea rebeccae

This is the most common tree fern of both the coastal and highland rainforests of tropical Queensland.

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Cooktown Orchid

Cooktown Orchid
Dendrobium bigibbum (white form)

The uncommon white form of the COOKTOWN ORCHID has warm appeal in its apparent fragility.

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Cooktown Orchid

Cooktown Orchid
Dendrobium bigibbum (mauve form)

Queensland's state floral emblem, the COOKTOWN ORCHID is a popular and attractive horticultural species and has been cultivated widely for many years.

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Cook`s Glory

Cook`s Glory
Operculina riedeliana

Found in the coastal areas of far north-eastern Queensland where it trails over bushland, adjacent to the beaches and on rocky headlands.

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Cordyline

Cordyline
Cordyline terminalis

This is a common understory plant in the rainforests throughout Queensland and may attain a height of about 6 metres.

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Cotton Tree - Hibiscus tiliaceus

Cotton Tree
Hibiscus tiliaceus

The COTTON TREE is common along the seashore dunes and estuaries of tropical Queensland.

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Cowley Myrtle

Cowley Myrtle
Myrtella obtusa

COWLEY MYRTLE is a bushy little shrub which grows to about 1 metre and is distributed along the foreshores of tropical Queensland as an understory occupant of the open forests.

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Crows nest fern

Crows nest fern
Asplenium australasicum

A common fern, seen growing on rocks or on other trees in the rainforest.

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Cunjevoi

Cunjevoi
Alocasia Macrorrhiza

Common along waterways in the high rainfall coastal areas and adjacent tableland regions.

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Dusky Swamp Orchid

Dusky Swamp Orchid
Phaius tancarvilliae

This is the giant of our terrestrial orchids, attaining a height of up to 210cm when in flower, however it is often much shorter.

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Electric fern

Electric fern
Selaginella longipinna

A fascinating example of a prehistoric plant, commonly referred to as a "fern ally", or club moss.

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Feather Heads

Feather Heads
Ptilotus macrocephalus

Appearing like grass seeds at a distance, closer inspection of this delightful species reveals one of the most delicate of the tropical wildflowers.

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Fire Lily

Fire Lily
Typhonium sp.

The genus name Typhanium is derived from typho meaning, "to burn", referring to the acrid juice in the plant.

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Flame Tree

Flame Tree
Brachychiton acerifolium

The range of this beautiful tree extends from Illawarra in northern New South Wales to the Bellenden Ker Range in north Queensland.

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Flypaper Trap

Flypaper Trap
Byblis liniflora

A common trailing plant of tropical Queensland, inhabiting the grassy undergrowth on the wet plains; near creeks, bogs and waterholes of the inland areas.

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Forked fern

Forked fern
Dicranopteris linearis

Commonly seen in disturbed areas, like roadside embankments, this fern forms in masses as it spreads over a wide area.

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Fringed Lily

Fringed Lily
Thysanotus tuberosus

An erect herb with tuberous roots, it is prolific in wet grassland of tropical Queensland.

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Giant Waterlily
Nymphaea gigantea

Waterlilies bloom for most of the year in the lagoons and gently flowing waterways of tropical Queensland.

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Ginger Nut Sedge

Ginger Nut Sedge
Gahnia sieberana

This sedge occurs in all eastern states. The long narrow leaves have very sharp saw-like margins, and the black inflorescence appears atop a stout stem up to 2 metres tall.

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Goats Foot Morning Glory

Goat`s Foot Morning Glory
Ipomoea pes-caprae

A tough vine of the coastal sand dunes and sea-shores.

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Golden Orchid

Golden Orchid
Dendrobium discolor

Mention the GOLDEN ORCHID and one's thoughts automatically go to the eastern lowlands of tropical Queensland where it thrives in exposed situations on trees and rocks.

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Graceful Orchid

Graceful Orchid
Dendrobium gracilicaule var. gracilicaule

This dainty little orchid is found as far north as the Bloomfield River in Cape York Peninsula.

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Grasstree

Grasstree
Zanthorrhoea arborea

The genus is limited to Australia and these elegant plants are a familiar sight with their crown of long narrow leaves and tall, slender flower spikes.

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Green Paperbark

Green Paperbark
Melaleuca viridflora

The boggy, infertile soils of the coastal flats of tropical Queensland are often dominated by this small tree, which has thick layered bark.

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Greenbrier

Greenbrier
Smilax australis

Found throughout coastal Queensland and on some off-shore islands.

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Guinea Bush

Guinea Bush
Hibbertia banksii

This species is named in honour of Sir Joseph Banks, the famed botanist of Captain Cook's voyage.

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Hairy Randia

Hairy Randia
Atractocarpus hirtus

This small tree occurs in the rainforest understory and commences flowering when little more than a metre tall.

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Headache Vine

Headache Vine
Clematis glycinoides

This tall climber favours the rainforests and sheltered gullies of coastal Queensland.

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Heath Wattle

Heath Wattle
Acacia legnota

A small open tree, favouring the heathlands of the north-eastern coast of tropical north-eastern coast of tropical Queensland.

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 Hickory Wattle

Hickory Wattle
Acacia crassicarpa

A medium tree making a magnificent display with masses of brilliant yellow flowers during winter.

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Holly-leaf Mangrove

Holly-leaf Mangrove
Acanthus ilicifolius

Common in most coastal swamps and littoral margins where it sometimes forms groves.

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Hopes Cycad

Hope`s Cycad
Lepidozamia hopei

The largest species of cycad, growing to over 15 metres in height.

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Ironwood

Ironwood
Xanthostemon umbrosus

A small open, spreading tree from inland Cape York Peninsula favouring the higher stony ridges.

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King Fern

King Fern
Angiopteris evecta

This giant fern can have fronds up to 9 metres long (the longest of any fern in the world) and has been at home in Australia for over 300 million years.

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King Orchid

King Orchid
Dendrobium speciosum

This is the KING ORCHID of tropical Queensland and the ROCK LILY of New South Wales.

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Lollybrush
Clerodendrum floribundum

A tall attractive shrub which occurs along the coastal lowlands and on the offshore islands of tropical Queensland.

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Lotus

Lotus
Nelumbo nucifera

Also known as the Sacred lotus, or Indian lotus, this water plant has spectacular flowers up to 20cm in diameter.

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Marine Vine

Marine Vine
Vigna marina

A vigorous inhabitant of the coastal dunes, with attractive trifoliate leaves.

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Marshwort

Marshwort
Nymphoides indica

MARSHWORT is another fof the beautiful aquatic plants inhabiting the freshwater ponds, lakes and slow flowing streams of the tropics.

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Mat Rush

Mat Rush
Lomandra banksii

This rush-like perennial often occurs in similar habitat to the GRASSTREE (Xanthorrhoea).

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Maytown Grevillea

Maytown Grevillea
Grevillea dryandri

An appealing prostrate shrub attaining a height of about 1 metre and is found over the inland areas of Cape York Peninsula.

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Meadow Dye

Meadow Dye
Indigofera pratensis

An eye catching perennial growing to a height of approximately 1.5 metres.

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Merremia peltata

Merremia
Merremia peltata

Prolific in disturbed areas of rainforest, especially along the edge of farmland and roadsides.

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 Molloy Box

Molloy Box
Eucalyptus leptophieba

This summer flowering tree occurs in Cape York Peninsula on flat or gently undulating terrain where it attains a height of about 10 metres.

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 Native Banana

Native Banana
Musa banksii

Closely resembling the cultivated banana plant in appearance the native species is common in the lowland tropical rainforest, especially along watercourses.

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Native Cardamon

Native Cardamon
Hornstedtia scottiana

A herb, attaining a height of about 4 metres, this native ginger is found in the rainforests of lowland tropical Queensland.

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Native Crepe Myrtle

Native Crepe Myrtle
Lagerstroemia archeriana

An exciting shrub with smooth, light coloured bark, growing to about 5 metres.

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Native Dutchman`s Pipe

Native Dutchman`s Pipe
Aristolochia tagala

An evergreen climber with an interesting flower, fairy basket style seed pod and a breeding ground for huge butterflies

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Native Jasmine

Native Jasmine
Jasminum aemulum

NATIVE JASMINE is found on the coastal lowlands and some off shore islands of north-eastern Queensland and the Gulf of Carpentaria.

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Native Kapok flower

Native Kapok
Cochiospermum gillivraei

Attaining a height of 5-6 metres, the NATIVE KAPOK is a slender deciduous shrub.

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Native Passionfruit

Native Passionfruit
Passiflora aurantia

This native creeper grows along tropical mainland foreshores, and on some offshore islands.

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Native Violet

Native Violet
Boea hygroscopica

This remarkable little perennial flourishes in the moss and humus upon rocks which are kept damp by the tropical "wet".

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Needle Berry

Needle Berry
Rhaphidophora australasica

A common root climber in the tropical rainforests of North Queensland, where it often attains a considerable height.

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Northern Coral Pea

Northern Coral Pea
Hardenbergia retusa

A course climber forming tangled thickets, occurring in both coastal and inland areas.

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Northern pencil orchid

Northern pencil orchid
Dockrillia calamiformis

An epiphyte common around the Daintree Rainforest with a white flower and "pencil like" leaf.

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Oak Orchid

Oak Orchid
Dendrobium ruppianum

A beautiful robust orchid, it occurs on the ranges and highlands of tropical Queensland and occasionally in the lowland gorges.

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Ochrosia

Ochrosia
Ochrosia elliptica

This tree occurs mainly among the mangroves right along the Queensland coast and is particularly plentiful in tropical areas.

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October Glory

October Glory
Faradaya splendida

It climbs over trees along water courses and along the verge of the rainforest in tropical Queensland.

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Pandoras Vine

Pandoras Vine
Pandorea nervosa

An attractive twiner from the dense rainforests of the tropical tablelands.

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Polandii
Melaleuca polandii

A truly beautiful, bushy shrub, found in the swamplands of north-eastern Queensland.

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Pom-Pom Bush

Pom-Pom Bush
Syzygium wilsonii

This species must surely be one of the prettiest shrubs of the rainforests of tropical Queensland.

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Powder-Puff Wattle

Powder-Puff Wattle
Acacia flavescens

The young shoots of the POWDER-PUFF WATTLE with a fleecy coating of pale yellow and brown are almost as attractive as the inflorescence.

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Pygmy Flowered Paperbark

Pygmy Flowered Paperbark
Melaleuca acacioides

A small tree found in Cape York Peninsula and the Torres Strait Islands.

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Red Beech

Red Beech
Dillenia alata

Dilenia is a tropical genus, the only Australian species, alata is endemic.

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Red Hibiscus

Red Hibiscus
Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. tuberosus

Found in many localities within tropical Queensland this species presents a particularly beautiful display on the flats of Sheppard Creek at Jowalbinna, west of Laura.

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 Red Mistletoe

Red Mistletoe
Dendrophthoe falcata

A small parasitic shrub which bears cascades of brilliant flowers. Host trees are predominantly wattle (Acacia sp.).

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Tecomanthe sp. Roaring Meg

Roaring Meg
sp. Roaring Meg

An undescribed species of the genus Tecomanthe, similar to "Fraser Island Creeper" (Tecomanthe hillii).

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Rosy Apple

Rosy Apple
Phaleria clerodendron

Scarcely attaining a height of 4 metres this shrub is an understory inhabitant of the lowland rainforests of North Queensland.

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Royal Mistletoe

Royal Mistletoe
Loranthus grandibractea

Found in the open forest of Cape York Peninsula this spectacular mistletoe makes a magnificent display.

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Slender Bindweed

Slender Bindweed
Ipomoea gracilis

This is a slender twiner on light sandy soil in central Cape York Peninsula.

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Snowflake Ginger

Snowflake Ginger
Alpinia arctiflora

The stems of this plant may attain a height of 4 metres with leaves up to 40cm in length.

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Spider Lily

Spider Lily
Crinum pedunculatum

A vigorous, fleshy herb, the SPIDER LILY carries a multitude of buds upon a tall stately stem.

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Spider Orchid

Spider Orchid
Dendrobiu tetragonum

The fine spidery flowers, broad, glossy leaves and sweet fragrance are qualities enough to make this orchid a favourite.

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Splendid Orchid

Splendid Orchid
Dendrobium superbiens

Another superb native orchid from the tropical north.

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Stinger

Stinger
Dendrocnide moroides

Known as GIMPI-GIMPI in southern Queensland and STINGER in north Queensland this would surely be, literally, the most abused plant in the tropics.

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Ficus obliqua

Strangler fig
Ficus obliqua

Also known as the Small leaved fig, Ficus obliqua has a unique method of getting to the light in the rainforest

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Swamp Crinum

Swamp Crinum
Crinum uniflorum

This is one of the smaller Crinum to be found in tropical Queensland.

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Swamp Lily

Swamp Lily
Ottelia ovalifolia

An aquatic plant found in shallow freshwater ponds in all mainland states.

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 Tea-Tree Orchid

Tea-Tree Orchid
Dendrobium canaliculatum

Ranging from the Fitzroy River north to the Endeavour River, this fragrant orchid flourishes from sea-level to about 1000 metres.

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Trigger Plant

Trigger Plant
Stylidium eriorrhizum

Sir Joseph Banks and Solander collected five Australian species of TRIGGER PLANTS during their enforced stay at the Endeavour River in 1770.

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Tropical birds nest

Tropical birds nest
Asplenium simplicifrons

This fern has more slender leaves than the more well known Birds nest ferns, and is restricted to north eastern Queensland

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Tropical Feather Flower

Tropical Feather Flower
Homoranthus sp.

An occupant of some of the harshest country in Cape York Peninsula this sparse, twiggy shrub enhances the area with a distinctive but pleasantly sweet perfume.

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Tropical Pitcher Plant

Tropical Pitcher Plant
Nepenthes mirabilis

This is the largest Australian carnivorous plant.

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Twining Guinea Flower

Twining Guinea Flower
Hibbertia scandens

Probably the best known species of the genus, the TWINING GUINEA FLOWER is a vigorous trailing plant.

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 Umbrella Tree

Umbrella Tree
Schefflera actinophylla

The genus is limited to this one species, which is endemic to Australia.

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Variegated Melaleuca

Variegated Melaleuca
Melaleuca symphyocarpa

This delightful shrub deserves wider recognition. It favours fesh-water swaps, lagoons, water courses and low lying open woodlands.

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Wadsworth Orchid

Wadsworth Orchid
Bulbophyllum wadsworthii

A species of the eastern tropics distributed from the Burdekin River to the Endavour River.

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Wonga Wonga Vine

Wonga Wonga Vine
Pandorea pandorana

A vigorous, woody creeper which extends along the coastline of the eastern states and is common in north-eastern Queensland.

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Woody Caper

Woody Caper
Capparis arborea

The WOODY CAPER has dull green leaves and carries numerous pale cream flowers.

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Woolly Water Lily

Woolly Water Lily
Philydrum lanuginosum

A stately perennial, which grows to a height of about 1 metre.

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Yellow necklacepod

Yellow necklacepod
Sophora tomentosa

Considered an endangered species in Australia, necklacepod is a legume with distinctive yellow flowers and seed pods.

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Ylang-Ylang

Ylang-Ylang
Cananga odorata

Also known as the "Cananga Tree" or "Ilang-Ilang", the perfume from this tree is often used in aromatherapy and perfume.

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Zamia fern

Zamia fern
Bowenia spectabilis

This is not actually a fern, but a cycad in the Stangeriaceae family

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Zamia Palm

Zamia Palm
Cycas media

In ages past, cycads and associated plants were widespread and formed a substantial percentage of the world's vegetation.

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